Publicación:
Neonatal inhibition of androgen activity alters the programming of body weight and orexinergic peptides differentially in male and female rats

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Fecha
2024-02-13
Autores
Fernández García, José Manuel
Grassi, Daniela
Blanco, Noemí
Ballesta, Antonio
Arevalo, María de los Ángeles
Pino Osuna, María José
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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional
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Elsevier
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Resumen
The involvement of androgens in the regulation of energy metabolism has been demonstrated. The main objective of the present research was to study the involvement of androgens in both the programming of energy metabolism and the regulatory peptides associated with feeding. For this purpose, androgen receptors and the main metabolic pathways of testosterone were inhibited during the first five days of postnatal life in male and female Wistar rats. Pups received a daily s.c. injection from the day of birth, postnatal day (P) 1, to P5 of Flu- tamide (a competitive inhibitor of androgen receptors), Letrozole (an aromatase inhibitor), Finasteride (a 5- alpha-reductase inhibitor) or vehicle. Body weight, food intake and fat pads were measured. Moreover, hypo- thalamic Agouti-related peptide (AgRP), neuropeptide Y (NPY), orexin, and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. The inhibition of androgenic activity during the first five days of life produced a significant decrease in body weight in females at P90 but did not affect this parameter in males. Moreover, the inhibition of aromatase decreased hypothalamic AgRP mRNA levels in males while the inhibition of 5α-reductase decreased hypothalamic AgRP and orexin mRNA levels in female rats. Finally, food intake and visceral fat, but not subcutaneous fat, were affected in both males and females depending on which testosterone metabolic pathway was inhibited. Our results highlight the differential involvement of androgens in the programming of energy metabolism as well as the AgRP and orexin systems during development in male and female rats
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Categorías UNESCO
Palabras clave
Androgens, Programming, Orexigenic peptides, Sex differences, Rat
Citación
Centro
Facultad de Psicología
Departamento
Psicobiología
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Cátedra