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Can identity fusion foster social harmony? Strongly fused individuals embrace familiar outgroup members unless threatened?
(Elsevier, 2023-07) Vázquez Botana, Alexandra; Gómez, Ángel; López Rodríguez, Lucía; Swann, William. B
Past research has established that people whose identities are deeply aligned (“fused’) with a group endorse hostility toward distant outgroups (e.g., foreigners). We propose that identity fusion can have the opposite effect under certain conditions. Specifically, when the outgroup is familiar and non-threatening, strongly fused persons may be positively disposed toward its members. Four studies tested this hypothesis. In the baseline control conditions, strongly fused participants expressed more positive sentiments toward familiar outgroup members than weakly fused participants (Experiments 1–3). Only after any of three distinct forms of negative intergroup contact (direct, extended, and depersonalized extended) did strongly fused persons denigrate familiar outgroup members. This effect replicated in a prospective study (Experiment 4). These findings support Klein and Bastian's (2022) contention that identity fusion can serve as a secure base that encourages cooperation with members of non-threatening familiar outgroups. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)
Hierarchical Bayesian Models for inference Using RR Lyrae as standard candles in the Gaia Era
(Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (España). Escuela Internacional de Doctorado. Programa de Doctorado en sistemas Inteligentes, 2024) Delgado-Ureña Poirier, Héctor Exequiel; Sarro Baro, Luis Manuel; https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1409-4282
Self-uniqueness increases women's willingness to participate in collective action for gender justice, but not support for sex quotas
(The British Psychological Society, 2023-03-07) López Rodríguez, Lucía; Vázquez Botana, Alexandra
Affiliation with certain groups allows to simultaneously satisfy two competing needs: the need to be moderately different from others and the need to belong. We propose that the feminist movement, that has been turning towards individualistic goals based on individual empowerment, may be one of such groups for women. In three studies we examined the relationship between self-uniqueness and women's support for collective action and structural measures (i.e. sex quotas) promoted by the feminist movement. A first correlational study indicated that self-uniqueness need is positively associated with willingness to participate in collective action for gender justice generally, but not with support for sex quotas. Consistently, two experimental studies (Studies 2–3) found that priming self-uniqueness increases collective action intentions, but not quota support. Study 3 also showed that the effect of self-uniqueness on collective action intentions for gender justice may be mediated by greater perceptions of personal discrimination for being a woman and fusion with the feminist movement. These results suggest that appeals to self-uniqueness may attract women to the feminist movement but do not guarantee support for concrete collective measures against gender inequality.