On the Biological Term “Gene” in the History of Science

Plischke, Kurt y Labisch, Alfons . (2017) On the Biological Term “Gene” in the History of Science. Endoxa 40, 103 -133

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Título On the Biological Term “Gene” in the History of Science
Autor(es) Plischke, Kurt
Labisch, Alfons
Materia(s) Filosofía
Abstract Contemporary philosophy of science sets the origins of the predominant attributes of the term “gene” in the year 1900 when Gregor Mendel’s work was rediscovered. Yet it was the speculative biology of the second half of the 19th century that opened up the epistemic sphere for a new conception of heredity: heredity as the transmission of particulate, hereditable material units with a tendency for self-preservation. The then young discipline of biology dissociated its terminology from the preconceptions of natural philosophy. In the early 20th century, the postulated hereditary particles were associated with the chromosome and, at least in the 1940s, with nucleic acid: which was being stable and, at the same time, mutable, as well as capable of self-reproduction, self-selectivity, and memory. DNA epitomizes the perfect biological principle. But the most recent conception of the gene is not free from anthropomorphisms.
Palabras clave philosophy of nature
speculative biology
materialistic reductionism
natural purpose
final causation
Editor(es) Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia (España). Facultad de Filosofía
Fecha 2017-12-01
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:Endoxa-2017-40-7040
DOI - identifier 10.5944/endoxa.40.2017.18997
ISSN - identifier 1133-5351, EISSN: 2174-5676
Nombre de la revista Endoxa
Número de Volumen 40
Página inicial 103
Página final 133
Publicado en la Revista Endoxa 40, 103 -133
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto

Tipo de documento: Artículo de revista
Collections: Endoxa. Año 2017, n. 40
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Creado: Mon, 11 Jun 2018, 22:03:45 CET