Group Dominance, System Justification, and Hostile Classism: The Ideological Roots of the Perceived Socioeconomic Humanity Gap That Upholds the Income Gap

Sainz, Mario y Jiménez-Moya, Gloria . (2023) Group Dominance, System Justification, and Hostile Classism: The Ideological Roots of the Perceived Socioeconomic Humanity Gap That Upholds the Income Gap. International Review of Social Psychology, 36(1): 7, 1–16.

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Título Group Dominance, System Justification, and Hostile Classism: The Ideological Roots of the Perceived Socioeconomic Humanity Gap That Upholds the Income Gap
Autor(es) Sainz, Mario
Jiménez-Moya, Gloria
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract Perceiving low-socioeconomic status (low-SES) groups as less human than high- SES groups contributes to justifying socioeconomic inequality. Despite this issue’s relevance, previous research has not acknowledged the possible causes of this perceived humanity gap (differences in humanity between SES groups). In this project, we focus on analysing the possible influence of hierarchy-enhancing ideological variables on this gap. To do so, in a first correlational study (N = 765), we analyse the extent to which certain ideological variables predict the perceived humanity gap between low- and high-SES groups. Our results indicate that group dominance, system justification, and hostile classism are highly predictive of the humanity gap. In a second correlational study (N = 521) we found that the perceived humanity gap, the tendency to blame low-SES groups and praise high-SES groups for their economic standings, sequentially mediated the relationship among social dominance, system justification, and hostile classism with the support of social change policies. Finally, we manipulated each ideological variable in three equivalent studies (N = 631) to test its influence on the previous pattern of mediational results. The results confirmed the ideological variables’ antecedent roles in the mediation analysis. Finally, we discuss the role of the ideological hierarchy variables in the maintenance of socioeconomic differences through (de)humanisation.
Palabras clave ideology
social dominance
system justification
classism
dehumanisation
poverty
wealth
attributions
redistribution
Editor(es) ADRIPS
Fecha 2023
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0016
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0016
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.753
ISSN - identifier 2119-4130 eISSN 2397-8570
Nombre de la revista International Review of Social Psychology
Número de Volumen 36
Número de Issue 1
Página inicial 1
Página final 16
Publicado en la Revista International Review of Social Psychology, 36(1): 7, 1–16.
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The published version of this article, first published in International Review of Social Psychology, is available online at the publisher's website: ADRIPS, https://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.753
Notas adicionales La versión publicada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en International Review of Social Psychology, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: ADRIPS, https://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.753

 
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Creado: Fri, 01 Mar 2024, 21:26:32 CET