Where Does the Money Come From? Humanizing High Socioeconomic Status Groups Undermines Attitudes Toward Redistribution

Sainz, Mario, Martínez, Rocío, Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa y Moya, Miguel . (2019) Where Does the Money Come From? Humanizing High Socioeconomic Status Groups Undermines Attitudes Toward Redistribution. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 10

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Título Where Does the Money Come From? Humanizing High Socioeconomic Status Groups Undermines Attitudes Toward Redistribution
Autor(es) Sainz, Mario
Martínez, Rocío
Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa
Moya, Miguel
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract The concentration of wealth in the hands of a few at the expense of general impoverishment is a major problem in some modern societies. However, there is a general opposition to redistribution policies or to the application of a progressive taxation system. The goal of this research was to explore one factor that might drive the attitudes toward income redistribution: The (de)humanization of high socioeconomic status groups. Previous studies have shown that high socioeconomic status groups tend to be considered as unemotional machines without any concern for others. However, the consequences of mechanizing (vs. humanizing) high socioeconomic status on the interpretation of socioeconomic differences has not been explored yet. We considered that humanizing high socioeconomic status groups might have an unexpected negative effect on attitudes about income inequality and wealth concentration. Specifically, this research aims to determine how humanizing high socioeconomic status groups influences people’s perceptions of the group’s wealth and preferences for income redistribution. We conducted two studies in which we manipulated the humanity (mechanized vs. humanized in terms of their Human Nature traits) of a high socioeconomic status group. Results of these two studies showed that humanizing (vs. mechanizing) high socioeconomic status groups led to lower support for income redistribution/taxation of wealthy groups, through considering that the group’s wealth comes from internal sources (e.g., ambition) rather than external ones (e.g., corruption). These results were independent of the group’s likeability and perceived competence/warmth. The present research provides valuable insight about the possible dark side of humanizing high socioeconomic status groups as a process that could contribute to the maintenance of the status quo and the legitimation of income inequality in our societies.
Palabras clave humanization
mechanization
high socioeconomic status groups
attributions of wealth
income redistribution
Editor(es) Frontiers
Fecha 2019-03-29
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0009
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0009
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00771
ISSN - identifier 1664-1078
Nombre de la revista Frontiers in Psychology
Número de Volumen 10
Publicado en la Revista Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 10
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The published version of this article, first published in Frontiers in Psychology, is available online at the publisher's website: Frontiers, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00771
Notas adicionales La versión publicada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Frontiers in Psychology, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Frontiers, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00771

 
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Creado: Thu, 29 Feb 2024, 20:48:30 CET