A More Competent, Warm, Feminine, and Human Leader: Perceptions and Effectiveness of Democratic Versus Authoritarian Political Leaders

Sainz, Mario, Moreno-Bella, Eva y Torres-Vega, Laura C. . (2021) A More Competent, Warm, Feminine, and Human Leader: Perceptions and Effectiveness of Democratic Versus Authoritarian Political Leaders. International Review of Social Psychology, 34(1): 16, 1–16

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Título A More Competent, Warm, Feminine, and Human Leader: Perceptions and Effectiveness of Democratic Versus Authoritarian Political Leaders
Autor(es) Sainz, Mario
Moreno-Bella, Eva
Torres-Vega, Laura C.
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract Nowadays, to the detriment of democratic leaders, the emergence of authoritarian leaders has drastically modified the political sphere. This project aims to shed light on this issue by analysing how the perceived effectiveness of democratic and authoritarian political leaders are shaped by the common dimensions of social perception, such as competence/warmth, masculinity/femininity, and human uniqueness/human nature. Accordingly, three experimental studies were conducted. In Study 1 (n = 1001), we revealed that democratic leaders are perceived as more competent, warm, feminine and human. In Study 2 (n = 548) and Study 3 (n = 622), we investigated whether these dimensions of perception mediated the relationship between leaders and their perceived effectiveness. The results revealed that democratic leaders are perceived as effective in cooperative scenarios due to their competence, femininity, and human nature. Alternatively, democratic leaders are preferred in ambiguous contexts due to their competence and cognitive flexibility, that is, human nature. In contrast, authoritarian leaders are perceived as effective in competitive scenarios because of their masculinity. In Study 3, we manipulated the (in)stability of socio-economic contexts. The results revealed that democratic and authoritarian leaders are perceived as more competent, warm, human and more effective in socio-economic contexts that are stable compared with those that are unstable. The implications of the results regarding the emergence of authoritarian leaders are discussed.
Palabras clave democratic
authoritarian
leaders
effectiveness
stereotypes
masculinity–femininity
humanity
Editor(es) ADRIPS
Fecha 2021-07-12
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0006
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0006
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.452
ISSN - identifier 2397-8570
Nombre de la revista International Review of Social Psychology
Número de Volumen 34
Número de Issue 1
Página inicial 1
Página final 16
Publicado en la Revista International Review of Social Psychology, 34(1): 16, 1–16
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The published version of this article, first published in International Review of Social Psychology, is available online at the publisher's website: ADRIPS, https://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.452
Notas adicionales La versión publicada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en International Review of Social Psychology, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: ADRIPS, https://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.452

 
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Creado: Wed, 10 Jan 2024, 20:48:13 CET