Animalizing the disadvantaged, mechanizing the wealthy: The convergence of socio-economic status and attribution of humanity

Sainz, Mario, Martínez, Rocío, Moya, Miguel y Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa . (2019) Animalizing the disadvantaged, mechanizing the wealthy: The convergence of socio-economic status and attribution of humanity. International Journal of Psychology, 2019 Vol. 54, No. 4, 423–430

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Título Animalizing the disadvantaged, mechanizing the wealthy: The convergence of socio-economic status and attribution of humanity
Autor(es) Sainz, Mario
Martínez, Rocío
Moya, Miguel
Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract Differences between groups in socio-economic status (SES) are becoming more salient nowadays. In this context, we examined the animalistic and mechanistic dehumanization that both low and high-SES groups may experience respectively by conducting three studies. In study 1, we manipulated the SES of two fictitious groups (low vs. high-SES) and measured the humanity ascribed to them. Results showed that the low-SES group was animalized in comparison with the high-SES group, which was mechanized. In study 2, we manipulated the humanity of two fictitious groups by describing them as animals or machines and measured the perceived SES of the groups. Participants tended to attribute lower SES to the group described as animals and higher SES to the group described as machines. Finally, in study 3, we used an Implicit Association Test to replicate the results of studies 1 and 2. Taken together, these studies showthat low-SES groups are considered as animal-like whereas high-SES groups are seen as robot-like.We discuss the implications of these findings in relation to the justification of income inequality within our society.
Palabras clave Dehumanization
Animalization
Mechanization
Socio-economic status
Income inequality
Editor(es) Wiley Online Library
Fecha 2019
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0001
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoPSyO-FPSI-Articulos-Msainz-0001
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12485
Nombre de la revista International Journal of Psychology
Número de Volumen 54
Número de Issue 4
Página inicial 423
Página final 430
Publicado en la Revista International Journal of Psychology, 2019 Vol. 54, No. 4, 423–430
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The published version of this article, first published in International Journal of Psychology, is available online at the publisher's website: WILEY, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12485
Notas adicionales La versión publicada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en International Journal of Psychology, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: WILEY, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12485

 
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Creado: Tue, 09 Jan 2024, 22:36:58 CET