Temperament and Behavioral Problems in Young Children: the Protective Role of Extraversion and Effortful Control

. (2018) Temperament and Behavioral Problems in Young Children: the Protective Role of Extraversion and Effortful Control. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Volume 27, pages 3232–3240,

Ficheros (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your e-spacio credentials)
Nombre Descripción Tipo MIME Size
Carrasco_Ortiz_Miguel_Angel_Temperament_Behavior.pdf Carrasco Ortiz_Miguel Angel_Temperament Behavior.pdf application/pdf 730.11KB

Título Temperament and Behavioral Problems in Young Children: the Protective Role of Extraversion and Effortful Control
Abstract This study examines the relationships between temperament traits (negative affectivity, extraversion and effortful control) and children’s externalized and internalized behavioral problems. The sample was composed of 424 children from the ages of 3–6 years old (60% male). Use of a hierarchical regression analysis revealed direct and interactive effects. Specifically, reactive temperamental traits were found to predict behavioral problems in children: negative affect tended to increase externalizing problems, and extraversion tended to decrease internalizing problems. The regulative temperament trait (“effortful control”) negatively predicted both internalizing and externalizing problems. To explore moderating effects, post‐hoc analyses were conducted using the Johnson–Neyman technique with Hayes’s PROCESS. Our analyses revealed that high levels of negative affect (characterized in our study by a higher load of anger or frustration than of fear or sadness) makes a significant and strong contribution to internalizing problems when effortful control reaches its highest levels. Thus, our results endure the protective role of extraversion as preventing the emergence of internalizing problems, and the protective role of effortful control as preventing the emergence of both, internalizing and externalizing, problems. The results also alert to the potential risk of a combination between high levels of effortful control and high levels of negative affect. Overall findings are discussed with regard to previous and future research.
Palabras clave young children
temperament
internalizing and externalizing problems
effortful control
Editor(es) Springer
Fecha 2018-06-21
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPSPEyTP-FPSI-Articulos-Macarrasco-0007
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoPSPEyTP-FPSI-Articulos-Macarrasco-0007
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s10826-018-1163-8
Nombre de la revista Journal of Child and Family Studies
Número de Volumen 27
Publicado en la Revista Journal of Child and Family Studies, Volume 27, pages 3232–3240,
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación acceptedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Journal of Child and Family Studies is available online at the publisher's website: Springer, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1163-8

 
Versiones
Versión Tipo de filtro
Contador de citas: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Estadísticas de acceso: 32 Visitas, 39 Descargas  -  Estadísticas en detalle
Creado: Wed, 24 Jan 2024, 22:03:11 CET