Students’ Conceptions of Work and the Understanding of the Economic Value of Labor: A Developmental Study of Unemployment and Job Precarity in Times of an Economic Crisis

Alonso Tajuelo, Lorena y Kohen, Raquel C. . (2022) Students’ Conceptions of Work and the Understanding of the Economic Value of Labor: A Developmental Study of Unemployment and Job Precarity in Times of an Economic Crisis. European journal of psychology of education, 2022

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Título Students’ Conceptions of Work and the Understanding of the Economic Value of Labor: A Developmental Study of Unemployment and Job Precarity in Times of an Economic Crisis
Autor(es) Alonso Tajuelo, Lorena
Kohen, Raquel C.
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract In the aftermath of the financial and economic recession of 2008, 130 Spanish students of five age groups (8 to 17 years) and two socioeconomic backgrounds were individually interviewed about unemployment and lower wages. The participants were presented with two hypothetical situations, and their responses were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. The results indicated that children bring their conceptions of work when attempting to explain those phenomena. Specifically, it was found that the explanations were closely associated with the comprehension of the notion of surplus value (i.e., the idea that workers create more value than the cost of their salaries), and that the development of this notion proceeds in three levels. Younger children were simply unaware of the capacity of workers to create value (Level 1), which gave rise to some alternative conceptions (e.g., the idea that money for salaries comes from external sources). The children within the age range of 12-13 began to understand that workers create some value (Level 2). At this level, however, the notion of surplus value was not fully understood, and the idea that money for salaries comes from external sources persisted in a variety of ways. From the ages of 13- 14, the children begin to understand that a wage is the price of labor and that the employer earns a profit because workers create more value than the cost of their wages (Level 3). The article presents a discussion of the possible reasons behind the slow progress observed and highlights some suggestions for educational practice.
Palabras clave economic crisis
unemployment
alternative conceptions
surplus value
economic education
Editor(es) Springer
Fecha 2022-04-29
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPEyE-FPSI-Articulos-Lalonso-0001
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoPEyE-FPSI-Articulos-Lalonso-0001
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-022-00619-8
ISSN - identifier 0256-2928
Nombre de la revista European journal of psychology of education
Publicado en la Revista European journal of psychology of education, 2022
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación acceptedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales This is the Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Springer in "European journal of psychology of education" on 16 May 2022, available online: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-022-00619-8
Notas adicionales Este es el manuscrito aceptado de un artículo publicado por Springer en "European journal of psychology of education" el 16 May 2022, disponible en línea: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-022-00619-8

 
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Creado: Thu, 26 May 2022, 17:34:47 CET