When logical conclusions go against beliefs: an ERP study

Rodríguez-Gómez, Pablo, Rincón-Pérez, Irene, Santaniello, Gerardo, Poch, Claudia, Pozo, Miguel A., Hinojosa, José A. y Moreno, Eva M. . (2018) When logical conclusions go against beliefs: an ERP study. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience

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Título When logical conclusions go against beliefs: an ERP study
Autor(es) Rodríguez-Gómez, Pablo
Rincón-Pérez, Irene
Santaniello, Gerardo
Poch, Claudia
Pozo, Miguel A.
Hinojosa, José A.
Moreno, Eva M.
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract Reasoning is a fundamental human ability, vulnerable to error. According to behavioural measures, we are biased to consider valid the conclusion of an argument based on the veracity of the conclusion itself rather than on the formal logic of the argument. Nowadays, brain imaging techniques can be used to explore peoplés responses as they reason with linguistic materials. Using the Event-Related Potential technique in a categorical syllogism reading task, an N400 enhancement was found for the processing of invalid conclusions preceded by true premises (e.g. All men are mortal). By contrast, when initial premises consisted of socially prejudiced statements previously rated as false (e.g. All blond girls are dumb), valid rather than invalid conclusions enhanced the N400 response. Considering what the modulation of N400 indexes (i.e. word anticipation processes), our data suggests that people cannot follow the logic of an argument to anticipate upcoming words if they clash with veracity.
Palabras clave Event-related potentials
categorical reasoning
Editor(es) Elsevier
Fecha 2018
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPEyE-FPSI-Articulos-Emoreno-0017
DOI - identifier 10.1080/23273798.2017.1401649
ISSN - identifier 2327-3801
Nombre de la revista Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
Número de Volumen 33
Número de Issue 6
Página inicial 687
Página final 697
Publicado en la Revista Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación acceptedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, is available online at the publisher's website: Taylor & Francis https://doi.org/10.1080/23273798.2017.1401649
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Taylor & Francis https://doi.org/10.1080/23273798.2017.1401649

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