Facing stereotypes: ERP responses to male and female faces after gender-stereotyped statements

Rodríguez-Gómez, Pablo, Romero-Ferreiro, Verónica, Pozo, Miguel A., Hinojosa, José Antonio y Moreno, Eva M. . (2020) Facing stereotypes: ERP responses to male and female faces after gender-stereotyped statements. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

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Título Facing stereotypes: ERP responses to male and female faces after gender-stereotyped statements
Autor(es) Rodríguez-Gómez, Pablo
Romero-Ferreiro, Verónica
Pozo, Miguel A.
Hinojosa, José Antonio
Moreno, Eva M.
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract Despite gender is a salient feature in face recognition, the question of whether stereotyping modulates face processing remains unexplored. Event-related potentials from 40 participants (20 female) was recorded as male and female faces matched or mismatched previous gender-stereotyped statements and were compared with those elicited by faces preceded by gender-unbiased statements. We conducted linear mixed-effects models to account for possible random effects from both participants and the strength of the gender bias. The amplitude of the N170 to faces was larger following stereotyped relative to gender-unbiased statements in both male and female participants, although the effect was larger for males. This result reveals that stereotyping exerts an early effect in face processing and that the impact is higher in men. In later time windows, male faces after female-stereotyped statements elicited large late positivity potential (LPP) responses in both men and women, indicating that the violation of male stereotypes induces a post-perceptual reevaluation of a salient or conflicting event. Besides, the largest LPP amplitude in women was elicited when they encountered a female face after a female-stereotyped statement. The later result is discussed from the perspective of recent claims on the evolution of women self-identification with traditionally held female roles.
Palabras clave event-related potentials (ERPs)
face processing
gender stereotypes
Editor(es) Oxford University Press
Fecha 2020-09
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPEyE-FPSI-Articulos-Emoreno-0011
DOI - identifier 10.1093/scan/nsaa117
ISSN - identifier 1749-5024
Nombre de la revista Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Número de Volumen 15
Número de Issue 9
Página inicial 928
Página final 940
Publicado en la Revista Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, is available online at the publisher's website: Oxford University Press https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsaa117
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Oxford University Press https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsaa117

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Creado: Fri, 02 Feb 2024, 02:44:04 CET