Relations Between Dimensions of Emotional Intelligence, Specific Aspects of Empathy, and Non-verbal Sensitivity

Fernández Abascal, Enrique G. y Martín Díaz, María Dolores . (2019) Relations Between Dimensions of Emotional Intelligence, Specific Aspects of Empathy, and Non-verbal Sensitivity. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 1066

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Título Relations Between Dimensions of Emotional Intelligence, Specific Aspects of Empathy, and Non-verbal Sensitivity
Autor(es) Fernández Abascal, Enrique G.
Martín Díaz, María Dolores
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract In this work, on the one hand, we examined the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and empathy and, on the other, the relationship between EI and non-verbal sensitivity, through two independent studies. The first study analyzed the relationship between dimensions of EI and aspects of empathy, in a sample of 856 participants who completed two measures of EI, the trait meta-mood scale (TMMS) and the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire (TEIQue), and a measure of empathy, the interpersonal reactivity index (IRI). The results showed a similar pattern of significant positive relations in all the EI domains with empathic perspective-taking (PT), and significant negative relationships with empathic personal distress (PD), except for the EI domain of attention, which had a positive relationship. Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that the dimension that best predicted empathic PT and empathic concern (EC) was the emotionality factor; whereas attention best predicted empathic fantasy; and the self-control factor best predicted PD, although negatively. Gender emerged as a predictor of three empathic aspects, fantasy, EC, and PD, with women obtaining higher scores than men in all of them. Age was the only predictor of fantasy, with a negative relationship. The second study involved 646 people who completed the same measures of EI as the participants of the first study and the mini-profile of non-verbal sensitivity (Mini-PONS). The results showed some significant relationships between EI dimensions and the channels and quadrants of the MiniPONS. Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that very few EI dimensions predicted non-verbal sensitivity, with attention obtaining the best result. Both gender and age emerged as predictors, some in unique cases, of channels, quadrants, and of the total score of non-verbal sensitivity; age had a negative relationship, and women obtained higher scores than men.
Palabras clave trait emotional intelligence
mental health
empathy
affective empathy
age differences
gender differences
cognitive empathy
non-verbal sensitivity
Editor(es) Frontiers
Fecha 2019-05-14
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoPBII-FPSI-Articulos-Mdmartin-0003
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoPBII-FPSI-Articulos-Mdmartin-0003
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01066
ISSN - identifier 1664-042X
Nombre de la revista Frontiers in Psychology
Número de Volumen 10
Publicado en la Revista Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 1066
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 1066, is available online at the publisher's website: Frontiers, https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01066/full
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 1066, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Frontiers, https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01066/full

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Creado: Tue, 09 Jan 2024, 00:03:32 CET