Efficacy of Cognitive Training in Older Adults with and without Subjective Cognitive Decline Is Associated with Inhibition Efficiency and Working Memory Span, Not with Cognitive Reserve.

López-Higes, Ramón, Martín-Aragoneses, María Teresa, Rubio-Valdehita, Susana, Delgado-Losada, María L., Montejo, Pedro, Montenegro, Mercedes, Prados, José M., Frutos-Lucas, Jaisalmer y López-Sanz, David . (2018) Efficacy of Cognitive Training in Older Adults with and without Subjective Cognitive Decline Is Associated with Inhibition Efficiency and Working Memory Span, Not with Cognitive Reserve.. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 10:23

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Título Efficacy of Cognitive Training in Older Adults with and without Subjective Cognitive Decline Is Associated with Inhibition Efficiency and Working Memory Span, Not with Cognitive Reserve.
Autor(es) López-Higes, Ramón
Martín-Aragoneses, María Teresa
Rubio-Valdehita, Susana
Delgado-Losada, María L.
Montejo, Pedro
Montenegro, Mercedes
Prados, José M.
Frutos-Lucas, Jaisalmer
López-Sanz, David
Materia(s) Educación
Abstract The present study explores the role of cognitive reserve, executive functions, and working memory (WM) span, as factors that might explain training outcomes in cognitive status. Eighty-one older adults voluntarily participated in the study, classified either as older adults with subjective cognitive decline or cognitively intact. Each participant underwent a neuropsychological assessment that was conducted both at baseline (entailing cognitive reserve, executive functions, WM span and depressive symptomatology measures, as well as the Mini-Mental State Exam regarding initial cognitive status), and then 6 months later, once each participant had completed the training program (Mini-Mental State Exam at the endpoint). With respect to cognitive status the training program was most beneficial for subjective cognitive decline participants with low efficiency in inhibition at baseline (explaining a 33% of Mini-Mental State Exam total variance), whereas for cognitively intact participants training gains were observed for those who presented lower WM span.
Palabras clave cognitive reserve
executive functions
working memory
cognitive training
efficacy
cognitive status
Editor(es) Frontiers Media
Fecha 2018-02-02
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoMIDEII-FEDU-Articulos-Mtmartin-0004
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoMIDEII-FEDU-Articulos-Mtmartin-0004
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2018.00023
ISSN - identifier 1663-4365
Nombre de la revista Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Número de Volumen 10
Publicado en la Revista Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 10:23
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 10:23, is available online at the publisher's website: Frontiers Media, https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2018.00023
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 10:23, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Frontiers, https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2018.00023 Media

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Creado: Thu, 08 Feb 2024, 19:58:27 CET