Extending the nomological network of computational thinking with non-cognitive factors

Román-González, Marcos, Pérez-González, Juan Carlos, Moreno-León, Jesús y Robles, Gregorio . (2018) Extending the nomological network of computational thinking with non-cognitive factors. Computers in Human Behavior 80 (2018) 441-459

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Título Extending the nomological network of computational thinking with non-cognitive factors
Autor(es) Román-González, Marcos
Pérez-González, Juan Carlos
Moreno-León, Jesús
Robles, Gregorio
Materia(s) Educación
Abstract Computational thinking (CT) is being consolidated as a key set of problem-solving skills that must be developed by the students to excel in our software-driven society. However, in psychological terms, CT is still a poorly defined construct, given that its nomological network has not been established yet. In a previous paper, we started to address this issue studying the correlations between CT and some fundamental cognitive variables, such as primary mental abilities and problem-solving ability. The current work deepens in the same direction as it aims to extend the nomological network of CT with non-cognitive factors, through the study of the correlations between CT, self-efficacy and the several dimensions from the ‘Big Five’ model of human personality: Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism. To do so, the Computational Thinking Test (CTt) and some additional self-efficacy items are administered on a sample of 1251 Spanish students from 5th to 10th grade (N ¼ 1251), and the Big Five Questionnaire-Children version (BFQ-C) is also taken by a subsample from the above (n ¼ 99). Results show statistically significant correlations between CT and self-efficacy perception relative to CT performance (rs ¼ 0.41), in which gender differences in favor of males are found (d ¼ 0.42). Moreover, results show statistically significant correlations between CT and: Openness to Experience (r ¼ 0.41), Extraversion (r ¼ 0.30), and Conscientiousness (r ¼ 0.27). These findings are consistent with the existing literature except for the unexpected correlation between CT and the Extraversion factor of personality, which is consequently discussed in detail. Overall, our findings corroborate the existence of a non-cognitive side of CT that should be taken into account by educational policies and interventions aimed at fostering CT. As a final contribution, the extended nomological network of CT integrating cognitive and non-cognitive variables is depicted.
Palabras clave Computational thinking
Computational thinking test
Code literacy
Computer science education
Personality
Self-efficacy
Educational psychology
Primary education
Secondary education
Editor(es) Elsevier
Fecha 2018
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoMIDEII-FEDU-Articulos-Jcperez-0006
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoMIDEII-FEDU-Articulos-Jcperez-0006
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.09.030
ISSN - identifier 0747-5632
Nombre de la revista Computers in Human Behavior
Número de Volumen 80
Página inicial 441
Página final 459
Publicado en la Revista Computers in Human Behavior 80 (2018) 441-459
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Computers in Human Behavior is available online at the publisher's website: Elsevier, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.09.030
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Computers in Human Behavior, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Elsevier, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.09.030

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Creado: Mon, 12 Feb 2024, 20:45:21 CET