Perceived discrimination and self-esteem among family caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Spain: The mediational role of affiliate stigma and social support

Recio, Patricia, Molero, F., García-Ael, Cristina y Pérez-Garín, Daniel . (2020) Perceived discrimination and self-esteem among family caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Spain: The mediational role of affiliate stigma and social support. Research in Developmental Disabilities

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Título Perceived discrimination and self-esteem among family caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Spain: The mediational role of affiliate stigma and social support
Autor(es) Recio, Patricia
Molero, F.
García-Ael, Cristina
Pérez-Garín, Daniel
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract Background People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and people with intellectual disabilities (ID) are stigmatized, and therefore discriminated against worldwide and, on many occasions, this stigma and discrimination are expanded to include their family caregivers. The main objective of this research was to examine the consequences of perceived discrimination on family caregivers of children with ASD and children with ID. Methods The sample consisted of 109 Spanish caregivers of children with ASD and 83 caregivers of children with ID. They completed four questionnaires: Multidimensional Perceived Discrimination Scale, Affiliate Stigma Scale, Social Support Questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results Using path analysis, we found support for a model in which personal discrimination perceived by caregivers was positively associated with affiliate stigma, which, in turn, was negatively related to caregivers’ self-esteem. The model also shows the total mediational role of affiliate stigma in the association between perceived discrimination and self-esteem and the partial mediational role that social support plays in the association between perceived discrimination and caregivers’ self-esteem. Conclusions Caregivers’ perceived discrimination negatively influences caregivers’ self-esteem, but this relationship is mediated by both affiliate stigma (totally) and social support (partially). These results have theoretical and practical implications and may contribute to improving the quality of life of parents of children with ASD and ID that in turn would result in an improvement of the quality of life of their children.
Palabras clave Affiliate stigma
Self-esteem
Social support
Autism spectrum disorders
Intellectual disabilities
Family caregivers
Editor(es) Elsevier
Fecha 2020-10
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoMCC-FPSI-Articulos-Precio-0005
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoMCC-FPSI-Articulos-Precio-0005
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103737
ISSN - identifier 1873-3379
Número de Volumen Research in Developmental Disabilities
Número de Issue 105
Publicado en la Revista Research in Developmental Disabilities
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación acceptedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Research in Developmental Disabilities, is available online at the publisher's website: Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103737
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Research in Developmental Disabilities, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103737

 
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Creado: Thu, 01 Feb 2024, 04:31:19 CET