Psychological Distress, Disorder Severity, and Perception of Positive Contributions in Couples Raising Individuals With Autism

García-López, Cristina, Recio, Patricia, Pozo, Pilar y Sarriá, Encarnación . (2021) Psychological Distress, Disorder Severity, and Perception of Positive Contributions in Couples Raising Individuals With Autism. Frontiers in Psychology

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Título Psychological Distress, Disorder Severity, and Perception of Positive Contributions in Couples Raising Individuals With Autism
Autor(es) García-López, Cristina
Recio, Patricia
Pozo, Pilar
Sarriá, Encarnación
Materia(s) Psicología
Abstract Parents' perception of the positive contributions associated with raising children with autism is considered to be a protective factor in the process of psychological adaptation. Thus, it is essential to unveil what factors are related to this perception. We explore how parents' psychological distress (parental stress and anxiety) predicts the perception of positive contributions in fathers and mothers who raise individuals with different levels of autism severity. The sample comprises 135 couples (270 fathers and mothers) parenting individuals diagnosed with autism aged 3–38 years. Participants completed different self-report questionnaires, including measures of parental stress, anxiety, and positive contributions. To estimate the actor–partner interdependence model, data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) to explore transactional effects between fathers' and mothers' psychological distress and their perceptions of positive contributions associated with autism. Two separate multigroup models were tested, respectively, analyzing parental stress and anxiety. Each multigroup model considers two levels of disorder severity. The findings revealed that actor and partner effects of stress and anxiety were important predictors of the perception of positive contributions in both disorder severity groups. We conclude that it is necessary to develop family support programs that focus on controlling fathers' and mothers' stress and anxiety symptoms, as these mental states negatively impact the ability to perceive positive contributions.
Palabras clave autism spectrum disorder
positive contributions
severity of autism
actor-partner interdependence model
psychological distress
parents
Editor(es) Frontiers
Fecha 2021-06-29
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoMCC-FPSI-Articulos-Precio-0002
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoMCC-FPSI-Articulos-Precio-0002
DOI - identifier 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.694064
ISSN - identifier 1664-1078
Nombre de la revista Frontiers in Psychology
Número de Volumen 12
Publicado en la Revista Frontiers in Psychology
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Frontiers in Psychology, is available online at the publisher's website: Frontiers https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.694064
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Frontiers in Psychology, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: Frontiers https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.694064

 
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Creado: Thu, 01 Feb 2024, 04:09:31 CET