Burden of Hospitalizations Related to Pneumococcal Infection in Spain (2016–2020)

Gil-Prieto, Ruth, Allouch, Nizar, Jimeno, Isabel, Hernández-Barrera, Valentín, Arguedas-Sanz, Raquel y Gil-de-Miguel, Ángel . (2023) Burden of Hospitalizations Related to Pneumococcal Infection in Spain (2016–2020). Antibiotics

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Título Burden of Hospitalizations Related to Pneumococcal Infection in Spain (2016–2020)
Autor(es) Gil-Prieto, Ruth
Allouch, Nizar
Jimeno, Isabel
Hernández-Barrera, Valentín
Arguedas-Sanz, Raquel
Gil-de-Miguel, Ángel
Materia(s) Biomedicina
Economía
Abstract Pneumococcal infection strongly contributes to morbidity and mortality in Spain. A total of 253,899 hospitalizations related to pneumococcal infection occurred from 2016 to 2020. Fifty-eight percent were men, the mean age was 67 years old, and the average length of hospitalization was 12.72 days. The annual hospitalization rate was 10.84 hospitalizations per 10,000 population, increasing significantly with age, reaching 65.75 per 10,000 population in those aged >85 years. The hospitalization rates for pneumococcal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis were 2.91, 0.12, and 0.08 hospitalizations per 10,000, respectively, and reached the highest value in those aged >85 for pneumococcal pneumonia and sepsis, with 22.29 and 0.71 hospitalizations per 10,000, respectively, and in children up to 1 year old for pneumococcal meningitis, with 0.33 hospitalizations per 10,000. The total number of deaths during the study period was 35,716, with a case-fatality rate of 14.07%. For pneumococcal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis, the case-fatality rates were 8.47%, 23.71%, and 9.99%, respectively. The case-fatality rate increased with age and did not vary by sex. The annual cost of these hospitalizations was more than EUR 359 million. There is therefore a high burden of disease and mortality caused by pneumococcal infection in our country, especially in elderly individuals.
Palabras clave pneumococcal infection
epidemiology
hospitalizations
pneumococcal pneumonia
Editor(es) MDPI
Fecha 2023-01-14
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:DptoEEC-FCEE-Articulos-Rarguedas-0013
http://e-spacio.uned.es/fez/view/bibliuned:DptoEEC-FCEE-Articulos-Rarguedas-0013
DOI - identifier https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics12010172
ISSN - identifier 2079-6382
Nombre de la revista Antibiotics
Número de Volumen 12
Número de Issue 1
Publicado en la Revista Antibiotics
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación publishedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales The registered version of this article, first published in Antibiotics, is available online at the publisher's website: MDPI https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics12010172
Notas adicionales La versión registrada de este artículo, publicado por primera vez en Antibiotics, está disponible en línea en el sitio web del editor: MDPI https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics12010172

 
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Creado: Thu, 01 Feb 2024, 03:05:02 CET