Cost-effectiveness of Pediatric Bilateral Cochlear Implantation in Spain

Pérez-Martín, Jorge, Artaso, Miguel A. y Díez, Francisco J. . (2017) Cost-effectiveness of Pediatric Bilateral Cochlear Implantation in Spain.

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Título Cost-effectiveness of Pediatric Bilateral Cochlear Implantation in Spain
Autor(es) Pérez-Martín, Jorge
Artaso, Miguel A.
Díez, Francisco J.
Materia(s) Ingeniería Informática
Abstract Objective: To determine the incremental cost-effectiveness of bilateral versus unilateral cochlear implantation for one-year-old children suffering from bilateral sensorineural severe to profound hearing loss from the perspective of the Spanish public health system. Study Design: Cost-utility analysis. Methods: We conducted a general-population survey to estimate the quality of life increase contributed by the second implant. We built a Markov influence diagram and evaluated it for a life-long time horizon with a 3% discount rate in the base case. Results: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of simultaneous bilateral implantation with respect to unilateral implantation for one-year-old children with severe to profound deafness is €10,323 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). For sequential bilateral implantation, it rises to €11,733/QALY. Both options are cost-effective for the Spanish health system, whose willingness to pay is estimated at around €30,000/QALY. The probabilistic sensitivity analysis shows that the probability of bilateral implantation being cost-effective reaches 100% for that cost-effectiveness threshold. Conclusions: Bilateral implantation is clearly cost-effective for the population considered. If possible, it should be done simultaneously, i.e., in one surgical operation, because it is as safe and effective as sequential implantation, and saves costs for the system and for users and their families. Sequential implantation is also cost-effective for children who have received the first implant recently, but it is difficult to determine when it ceases to be so because of the lack of detailed data. These results are specific for Spain but the model can easily be adapted to other countries. Level of Evidence: 2C
Palabras clave bilateral cochlear implantation
cost-effectiveness analysis
state-transition model
Markov influence diagrams
Editor(es) Wiley Online Library
Fecha 2017
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:95-Jperez-001
DOI - identifier 10.1002/lary.26765
Nombre de la revista The Laryngoscope
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación acceptedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
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Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto
Notas adicionales This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Pérez-Martín, J.; Artaso, M. A. & Díez, F. J. Cost-effectiveness of pediatric bilateral cochlear implantation in Spain. The Laryngoscope, Wiley Online Library, 2017, which has been published in final form at doi: 10.1002/lary.26765. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions

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