What was fair in actuarial fairness?

Heras, Antonio J., Pradier, Pierre-Charles y Teira, David . (2019) What was fair in actuarial fairness?.

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Título What was fair in actuarial fairness?
Autor(es) Heras, Antonio J.
Pradier, Pierre-Charles
Teira, David
Materia(s) Filosofía
Abstract In actuarial parlance, the price of an insurance policy is considered fair if customers bearing the same risks are charged the same price. The estimate of this fair amount hinges on the expected value obtained weighting the different claims by their probability. We claim that, historically, this concept of actuarial fairness originates in an Aristotelian principle of justice in exchange (equality in risk). We will examine how this principle was formalized in the 16th century and shaped in life insurance during the next two hundred years, in two different interpretations. The Domatian account of actuarial fairness relies on subjective uncertainty: an agreement on risk is fair if both parties are equally ignorant about the chances of an uncertain event. The objectivist version grounds any agreement on an objective risk estimate drawn from a mortality table. We will show how the objectivist approach collapsed in the market for life annuities during the 18th century, leaving open the question of why we still speak of actuarial fairness as if it were an objective expected value.
Palabras clave actuarial fairness
life insurance
mathematical expectation
Fecha 2019-06-06
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:501118
Nombre de la revista History of the Human Sciences
Versión de la publicación acceptedVersion
Tipo de recurso Article
Derechos de acceso y licencia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Tipo de acceso Acceso abierto

Tipo de documento: Artículo de revista
Collection: Departamento Lógica, Historia, Filosofía de la Ciencia (UNED). Artículos
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Creado: Thu, 06 Jun 2019, 18:41:40 CET by David Teira