History of Quasi- and Field experiment

Diaz, Alex, Jiménez Buedo, María y Teira Serrano, David, History of Quasi- and Field experiment. James Wright, 2015 (bookPart)

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Título History of Quasi- and Field experiment
Autor(es) Diaz, Alex
Jiménez Buedo, María
Teira Serrano, David
Materia(s) Economía
Filosofía
Sociología
Resumen Field trials and quasi-experiments are comparative tests in which we assess the effects of one intervention (or a set thereof) on a group of subjects as compared to another intervention on another group of similar characteristics. The main difference between field trials and quasi-experiments is in the way the interventions are assigned to the groups: in the former the allocation is randomized whereas in the latter is not. We are going to see first the different roles played by randomization in medical experiments. Then we discuss how controlled field trials, originating in psychology, spread to the social sciences throughout the 20th century. Finally, we will show how the idea of a quasi-experiment appeared around a debate on what constitutes a valid test and what sort of controls guarantee it.
Abstract Field trials and quasi-experiments are comparative tests in which we assess the effects of one intervention (or a set thereof) on a group of subjects as compared to another intervention on another group of similar characteristics. The main difference between field trials and quasi-experiments is in the way the interventions are assigned to the groups: in the former the allocation is randomized whereas in the latter is not. We are going to see first the different roles played by randomization in medical experiments. Then we discuss how controlled field trials, originating in psychology, spread to the social sciences throughout the 20th century. Finally, we will show how the idea of a quasi-experiment appeared around a debate on what constitutes a valid test and what sort of controls guarantee it.
Palabras clave Field trial, quasi-experiment, randomization, validity, causality, controls, bias, Donald Campbell
Editor(es) James Wright
Fecha 2015
Formato application/pdf
Identificador bibliuned:501024
DOI - identifier 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03228-1
Idioma eng
Versión de la publicación acceptedVersion
Tipo de recurso bookPart

 
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Creado: Thu, 19 Feb 2015, 04:48:15 CET